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JDA Logo - Click to go to home page What Is Diabetes

When the body cannot make proper use of carbohydrates (sugars and starches).

  • There is too much glucose (sugar) in the blood because the body canít take it out of the bloodstream to use it for energy.
  • If the blood glucose level isnít controlled well, diabetes can increase the risk of damage to nerves and blood vessels, which in turn raises the risk of:
    • Heart disease
    • Stroke
    • Blindness
    • Foot ulcers and gangrene
    • Kidney damage
    • Gastric problems

Types of Diabetes:

There are two major types of diabetes - Type 1 and Type 2. Their differences are summarized below:

Type 1 Diabetes (IDDM)
Insulin-Dependent Diabetes
used to be-Juvenile-Onset Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes (NIDDM)
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes
used to be-Mature Onset Diabetes

  • 10-15% of cases
  • Beta cells within the Pancreas produce little or no insulin, due to an autoimmune system malfunction. Can be due to a virus or other environ-mental agent. Exact cause is still a mystery.
  • Treated with insulin. Various delivery options are available plus:
  • Regular meals with even carbohydrate distribution to match insulin dosage. Regular exercise and weight control are recommended.
  • 85-90% of cases
  • Insulin is produced but body cells resist its action and glucose cannot enter cells. This is strongly associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, inactivity and family history.
  • With early detection can often times be treated with diet and exercise. Sometimes requires medication (pills, insulin and/or combination therapy).
  • Alternative therapies in combination with medical therapy/diet & exercise, is being tried and proving very helpful under certain conditions and with many individuals

Some Warning Signals

Some Warning Signals

  • Frequent urination
  • Continual thirst
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Unusual hunger
  • Extreme weakness/fatigue
  • Nausea, vomiting, irritability
  • Any Type I symptom
  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive itching
  • Skin infections with slow healing
  • Tingling/numbness in feet

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