Take Very Good
Care of YourselvesDeuteronomy 4:15


Types of Diabetes

There are two major types of diabetes - Type 1 and Type 2. Their differences are summarized below:

gestational diabetes: Diabetes in pregnancy

Latent autoimmune diabetes of adults (LADA), or Type 1.5 which is a form of diabetes mellitus type 1 that occurs in adulthood, often with a slower course of onset than type 1 diabetes then those diagnosed in juveniles.

It is important to know your risk factors for Type 2 diabetes.  Till diagnoses Type 2 diabetes can be prevented.

Pre diabetes.  At this point blood glucose fluctuates quite wildly but if caught in time, this too, is possibly reversible.

Type 1 Diabetes (IDDM)
Insulin-Dependent Diabetes
used to be-Juvenile-Onset Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes (NIDDM)
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes
used to be-Mature Onset Diabetes

10-15% of cases

Beta cells within the Pancreas produce little or no insulin, due to an autoimmune system malfunction. Can be due to a virus or other environmental agent. Exact cause is still a mystery.

Treated with insulin.

Various delivery options are availabl. 

Regular meals with even carbohydrate distribution to match insulin dosage.

Regular exercise and weight control are recommended.

85-90% of cases

Insulin may still be produced but is inafficiant and body cells resist its action and glucose cannot enter cells.

This is strongly associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, inactivity and family history.

With early detection can often times be treated with diet and exercise.

Sometimes requires medication (pills, insulin and/or combination therapy).

Alternative therapies in combination with medical therapy/diet & exercise, is being tried and proving very helpful under certain conditions and with many individuals

Some Warning Signals

Some Warning Signals

  • Frequent urination
  • Continual thirst
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Unusual hunger
  • Extreme weakness/fatigue
  • Nausea, vomiting, irritability
  • Any Type I symptom
  • Blurred vision
  • Excessive itching
  • Skin infections with slow healing
  • Tingling/numbness in feet

Copyright Jewish Diabetes Association.  Last updated June 2017©